Although the rate of illegal drug usage in Wisconsin is not as high as in other States, the popularity of alcohol abuse in this jurisdiction is among the highest in the U.S. Recent events have proved that there has been a steady rise in the use of prescription killers and heroin in Wisconsin. In 2014, 47% of deaths related to drug overdoses were attributed to prescription opioids. Other drugs that are cited in treatment center admissions are marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, and stimulants. The increase in illegal drug usage has been further fueled by Wisconsin’s location near major towns such as Chicago. Drug trafficking organizations have also begun settling in the region, an indication that the drug problem is about to get worse. Read on to review the laws on addiction treatment in Wisconsin and some of the services to expect at drug rehabilitation centers.
Laws on Addiction Treatment in Wisconsin
Wisconsin has various programs and policies that educate people on the risks of drug addiction. These harm reduction laws provide individuals, friends, and family members with information regarding drug treatment, abuse, and other helpful resources. The main harm reduction laws are 911 Good Samaritan Law, Needle exchange programs, and the HIDTA program.
Good Samaritan Law
The 911 Good Samaritan Law was enacted in 2014 and instructs witnesses in a drug overdose situation to summon emergency assistance. Approximately 85% of drug overdoses occur in the presence of a witness. These witnesses fail to report these incidences due to fear of arrest or legal consequences.
Death arising from an overdose can take place between 1-3 hours after using the drug, and this gives a witness little time to alert emergency services. The Samaritan Law offer immunity from criminal prosecution to people who inform emergency services about an overdose. The law further allows people to access naloxone during overdose cases. Naloxone is a drug that reverses the negative effects of opioid overdoses.
Needle Exchange Program
People who inject themselves with drugs have a high probability of contracting diseases like hepatitis C and HIV. Major towns in Wisconsin have needle exchange initiatives that allow people to receive new sterile needles in exchange for old ones.
HIDTA (High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area) Program
Under this program, information among federal, state and local institutions is shared to enable detection and destruction of dangerous drug cartels. The program gets funding for sophisticated equipment and new technology for initiatives targeting conspiracy and gang investigations, and trafficking of marijuana, cocaine, and heroin.
Addiction Treatment Options
Many addicts or drug abuse patients start their rehabilitation program with an outpatient or inpatient program. The options for addiction treatment vary depending on a patient’s needs and circumstances. A recovery plan is modeled on the basis of the substance that was being abused and the seriousness of one’s addiction to this substance.
Inpatient programs are where a patient resides at a rehab center for a specific length of time. While the average period for residing at an inpatient center is 30 days, some treatment facilities provide longer programs of up to 90 days. The duration of one’s treatment depends on the seriousness of their addiction, the state of the mental health, and whether one has undergone rehab before. Some inpatient programs also provide family programs in which case a person’s family members take part in counseling sessions. Family counseling is important in mending trust and determining relationship dynamics that are likely to cause a relapse. Furthermore, the involvement of one’s family acts as moral support for the addict.
An outpatient program provides alcohol and drug addiction treatment several days a week. These programs allow a patient with a drug problem not to interrupt their daily schedules. However, patients are required to report to the rehab center at specific times for medication and counseling. Although outpatient programs are different, the main focus is on education, counseling, and offering support to the patient. The three main types of outpatient programs are day programs, intensive outpatient programs, and continuing care.
Some of the other treatment options for drug rehab centers include support groups, sober living homes, and addiction counselors.
The rate of drug addiction, drug overdoses, and drug related crimes in Wisconsin is on the rise, a situation that warrants strict drug laws to curb this menace. Rehabilitation centers also have the duty of ensuring that they offer effective treatment options to avoid relapses. Many drug rehabilitation centers in Wisconsin have adopted recovery programs that have registered impressive success and present hope for the war against drug abuse in the region.